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HISTORIA
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Andres Henestrosa

Por Eloy Morales

"Los pequeños patos silvestres llamados pijijes, que la víspera del Gucige oímos pasar cantando por las noches, habían propagado la muerte de Santa Teresa. Y su alma, vuelta al cielo, la había recogido Dios en su seno. Pero la ciudad en la que quería reunir a los hombres dispersos no estaba construida."

" Small wild docks called pijijes, whom on the eve of Gucige, we hear flying and singing into the night. They had released the ghost of the dead Sa i nt, Santa Teresa; and thus, her soul retuned back to heaven, where she was picked up onto God's chest. But the city where she wanted to meet men had dispersed and was never built.'

Cuento: Fundación de Juchita

"Los Hombres que disperso la Danza"

Imprenta Universitaria Mexico1960

Ciudad Universitaria.

El Maestro Andrés Henestrosa en los tiempos que estudiaba la carrera de Sociología en 1927 en la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, tenia como profesor al maestro Antonio Caso quien le sugirió que escribiera los mitos, leyendas y fabulas que se decían oralmente en la región del Istmo , este fue el inicio y la base de su libro "Los Hombres que disperso la Danza" . Andrés Henestrosa vive la poesía indígena con autenticidad y arraigo popular; así también el pasado de la raza indígena bendecida por el agua bendita. El mestizaje primitivo con dos mundos conciliados a medias, puramente Zapoteco e Hispano.

In 1927, Andrés Henestrosa studied sociology at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. He had as his teacher Antonio Caso who suggested that he write about myths, stories, fables and legends. These types of stories were often told over many gyrations of the indigenous people in the isthmus region of Mexico . This was the basis of his book, called: "Los Hombres que disperso la Danza." Andrés Henestrosa lives through his indigenous poems with authenticity and popular culture and with the past of the indigenous race and Catholic roots. Thus, he exists between two worlds: Zapotec and Hispanic - which are a combination of both races to create a balance.

Nace en Ixhuatan, Oaxaca el 30 de noviembre de 1906. Parte de una generación que cambio México. Ensayista, historiador, poeta, literario, lingüista and humanista . Siempre fiel a su sangre, a su país y toda aquella obra encaminada a la humanidad, con sencillez y nobleza.

Este es un pequeño homenaje por la entrada al centenario de su nacimiento con mucho respeto y admiración para el maestro Andrés Henestrosa .

Andres Henestrosa was born on November 30 th , 1906 in Ixhuatan, Oaxaca. He was born from the revolutionary generation which changed Mexico and became Essayist, Historian, Poet, Literalist, Linguistic and Humanist. He has always been loyal to his blood, country and puts much effort into his humanitarian works with nobility and sensibility.

It is with respect and admiration we have made this little homage to Andres Henestrosa for his upcoming one hundredth birthday.

Traducción: Noemi Morales y Jeffrey Brown

Helen Fabela Chavez

Latina of the Year


“…We are place to announce Ms. Helen Fabela Chavez as our 2008 Latina of the Years. Ms Chavez is the founder of the Cesar Chavez Foundation and wife of the late Cesar Chavez Estrada. Ms Chavez was chosen for the significant contributions that have been made locally and state wide as well as throughout the country. The dedication and significant achievements that exemplify her accomplishments are amazing. Her standing achievements that have given back to the community freely and voluntarily have gone above and beyond the expectation of those around her. Chavez 2008 Latina of the Year is a woman who deserves recognition not necessarily for having wealth, but for the continued positive contributions to education and our communities.


Ms. Chavez was not idle, but instead worked side by side with her husband to improve social conditions for Latinos. They worked together to start a program to teach farm workers to read and write to gain literacy to be eligible to take the American citizenship exam to became U.S. citizens. Today Ms Chavez and the Chavez family continue to be very active in the Latino communities to promote education and cultural activities that teach, encourage and enables individuals to realize their full potential for shaping the community in which they live. The Cesar Chavez Foundation offers scholarships to students pursuing higher education, to promote non-violent social change, and to improve the lives of the poor and disenfranchised in our communities.


On behalf of the National Latino Peace Officers Association Los Angeles Chapter it is our honor to celebrate Ms. Helen Chavez as our 2008 Latina of the Year…”


JhonYateem
President Los Angeles Chapter
National Latino Peace Officers Association

Lifetime Achievement Award 2006
Elena Poniatowska Amor

The Courage in Journalism Awards and Lifetime Achievement Award Program is the only awards program exclusively for international women journalists, the IWMF's Courage in Journalism Awards honor women journalists who have shown extraordinary strength of character and integrity while reporting the news under dangerous or difficult circumstances. The Lifetime Achievement Award recognizes a woman journalist who has a pioneering spirit and whose determination has paved the way for future generations of women in the media.

The 2006 Courage in Journalism and Lifetime Achievement Awards were announced on May 31. This year’s awards will be presented at ceremonies in New York on October 24 and in Los Angeles on November 2.

Elena Poniatowska’s career spans more than a half century. A renowned journalist and author, Poniatowska, 74, is the author of various novels, short stories, essays, a play and “testimonial narratives” (chronicles of events compiled from eyewitness interviews). She moved to Mexico during World War II and later attended secondary school in Torresdale, Pennsylvania.

Poniatowska began her journalism career in 1953 at Excelsior newspaper in Mexico, where she wrote social chronicles of Mexico’s upper classes and conducted interviews with writers, painters and other cultural figures. After a year there, Poniatowska started reporting for the newspaper Novedades, where she worked until 2000. A collaborator and contributor to various Mexican media outlets throughout her career, Poniatowska was one of the founders of Cineteca Nacional (National Film Archives), the newspaper La Jornada and Siglo XXI, one of Mexico’s most prestigious publishing houses. She also helped found the feminist magazine Fem in 1976.

Poniatowska is best known for La Noche de Tlatelolco (1971), which chronicles the lives and deaths of Mexican students who were protesting police repression one week prior to the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. It was published in English in 1975 as Massacre in Mexico. Another of Poniatowska’s well know works is Hasta no verte Jesus mio (Here’s to You, Jesusa), which was published in 1969 and focuses on Mexico’s revolution of 1910 as shown through one woman’s personal struggle, becoming the collective portrait of thousands of oppressed Mexican women during that time period.

Poniatowska has written more than 20 books, including Querido Diego, te abraza Quiela (1976) (Dear Diego, Quiela Embraces You), Nada nadie: las voces del temblor (1988) ( Nothing, Nobody: The Voices of the Mexico City Earthquake) and Tinísima (1992), a biography about Italian photographer Tina Modotti . Poniatowska’s work has been translated into numerous languages.

In 1979, Poniatowska was the first woman to receive Mexico’s National Journalism Prize, which she was awarded for her outstanding contributions to the diffusion of Mexican cultural and political expressions. She holds several honorary degrees and has won various other awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1993 and the Mazatlan Prize for Literature twice, in 1972 and 1992. Poniatowska was also honored with the Xavier Villaurrutia Prize in 1971 for La Noche de Tlatelolco but declined it, arguing that no award went to those who died in the massacre.

Throughout her career, Poniatowska has been dedicated to promotion of equality, humanitarianism and human rights, particularly among women. She lives in Mexico, where she continues to write. Poniatowska was born May 19, 1932 in Paris, France.

Piece is Courtesy of International Women’s Media Foundation http://www.iwmf.org

Aniversario del Nacimiento de

Cesar Chávez, 31 de marzo

 

In Celebration of the Birthday of Cesar Chávez, March 31st

Nace el 31 de marzo de l927 en Norte Gila Valle cerca de Yuma, Arizona. En 1948 contrae matrimonio con Helen Fabela, juntos se mueven a Delano, una pequeña ranchería en el Valle de San Joaquín, California, en donde Cesar Chávez trabaja en el campo e inicia su lucha para mejorar las condiciones de los trabajadores y el aumento de los salarios. Cesar Chávez organiza la Community Service Organización (CSC) teniendo como una de sus metas concientizar a los México –Americanos para registrarse y votar en los Estados Unidos; Viaja por toda California para apoyar los derechos de los trabajadores en los centros de cultivo. En 1952 Cesar Chávez y Dolores Huerta fundaron The Nacional Farm Workers Associasion (NFWA) que con el tiempo cambio de nombre a United Farm Workers (UFW).

He was born on March 31st, l927 in the North Gila Valley in a community located near Yuma, Arizona. In 1948, he married Helen Fabela, whom he moved with to Delano a small farm town in California’s San Joaquin Valley. This is where Cesar Chavez worked in the fields and where he began his fight to improve the conditions of farm workers and increases in their wages. Cesar also created the Community Service Organization (CSC) which helped Mexican Americans register to vote in the United States while also canvassing through out all California in order to garner support for the rights of workers who were at the epicenter of American cultivation. In 1952, Cesar Chávez and Dolores Huerta founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) and in time became what is known today as the United Farm Workers (UFW).

En los sesentas se llevo a cabo el boicoteo y protestas de la producción de las uvas y lechugas, esto duro el tiempo necesario para atraer la atención de todo Estado Unidos. Recibiendo un fuerte apoyo, principalmente por el Senador Robert Kennedy. Siguió con sus luchas en los setentas, y en los ochentas protesto por el uso de los pesticidas en los campos viñeros. Muere el 23 de Abril de l993, después de una huelga de hambre.

In the sixties, boycotts were carried out protesting the production of the grapes and lettuce. This was a crucial time in order to attract the attention of United States; which in turn, received strong support from many Americans particularly from Senator Robert Kennedy. Cesar continued with his fight through the seventies and into the eighties by protesting in contra of the use of pesticides on grapes in the fields. He died on April 23 of l993, shortly after a hunger strike.

El presidente Bill Clinton lo conmemora con la "Medal of Freedom" el mas alto honor civil in los Estados Unidos. El gobierno de México le entrega “El Águila Azteca” por su contribución a la comunidad y a la humanidad. La legislación del estado de California en el 2000 aprueba un día en su honor, Texas lo reconoce, también Arizona, Colorado, Michigan, New Mexico, Utah, Wisconsin y decenas de ciudades. Es la primera vez en la historia de los Estados Unidos que se le entrega un día en honor a un líder de los trabajadores de origen mexicano.

President Bill Clinton commemorated Cesar Chavez with the "Medal of Freedom" which is the highest honor a civilian can obtain in the United States. The government from Mexico also gave him “El Águila Azteca” for his contribution to the community and to humanity. In 2000, the State Legislator of California approved a day in his honor. This day is also recognized Texas, Arizona, Colorado, Michigan, New Mexico, Utah, and Wisconsin – not to mention dozens of cities. It is the first time in the history of the United States that recognizes the workers of Mexican origin.

www.ufw.org

Written by: Eloy Morales
Translated by: Jeffrey Brown

Benito Juárez García 21 de Marzo del 2006

200 años de su nacimiento 

The 21 st of March of 2006, Marks the 200 th Birthday

Of Benito Juárez García

 

"En 21 de marzo de 1806 nací en el pueblo de San Pablo Guelatao de la jurisdicción de Santo Tomás Ixtlán en el Estado de Oaxaca."

"I was born on March 21 st , 1806 , in the village of San Pablo Guelatao in the territorial jurisdiction of Santo Tomas Ixtlan in Oaxaca State ."

" Por otra parte yo también sentía repugnancia de separarme de su lado, dejar la casa que había amparado mi niñez y mi orfandad, y abandonar a mis tiernos compañeros de infancia con quien siempre se contraen relaciones y simpatías profundas que la ausencia marchita el corazón. Era cruel la lucha que existía entre estos sentimientos y me deseo de ir a otra sociedad, nueva y desconocida para mi, para preocurarme mi educación. Sin embargo el deseo fue superior a mi sentimientos y el día 17 de diciembre de 1818 y a los doce años de edad me fugué de mi casa y marché a pie a la ciudad de Oaxaca a donde llegué en la noche del mismo día, alojándome en la casa de Don Antonia Maza en que mi hermana María Josefa servia de cocinera."

"On the other hand, I also felt a repugnance to separate myself from their side, to leave the house that had protected me all through my childhood and through my lonely years as an orphan; to abandon my long time companions whose relationship and affections were always inside of my heart only to be withered away through their absence. The cruel fight that existed between these feelings and desires to leave one society and to land in another one, one that felt strangely new and disconected for me, only so I could procure my education. Therefore, this need to move on reigned superior over my feelings and on the 17 th of December, 1818 at the tender age of twelve years, I left my home and walked on foot to the City of Oaxaca, where I arrived by the evening of the same day I left. I bedded myself in the house of Don Antonia Maza where my sister, Maria Serbian Josefa served the as cook of the house."

Documento: "Apuntes para mis hijos"

Benito Juárez

Documentos, discursos y Correspondencias.

Selección y notas de Jorge L. Tamayo

Secretaria del Patrimonio Nacional, 1964

Impreso y hecho en México.

 

Benito Juárez García Abogado de profesión, Gobernador Constitucional del Estado de Oaxaca, Presidente de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación y Presidente Constitucional de la Republica Mexicana. Es considerado merecedor del "Bien de América" por el gobierno de Colombia en mayo de 1867, por su constancia al defender la libertad e Independencia de México.

Benito Juárez García was a Lawyer, Governor for the State of Oaxaca, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for the Nation of Mexico and was President of the Constitucional de la Republica Mexicana. He received the "Bien de América" Recognition from the Government of Colombia in May of 1867 for his tireless efforts in defending the freedom and independence for the people of Mexico .

La Republica Dominicana lo proclama "Benemérito de Las Américas" por conseguir el triunfo en contra de la monarquía traída de Europa, por este hecho se hacia acreedor a los vítores de toda América; al destruir la prudencia de Europa en este hemisferio, quitando toda esperanza de dominio que esta misma podía estar pensando para la prosperidad.

The Dominican Republic proclaimed that Benito Juárez García was deserving of the "Benemérito de Las Américas" Declaration for his triumphs against the monarchy brought from Europe to rule over Mexico . It was for this reason that there were victories for the Mexican people over all American. This obliterated any of Europe 's hopes to rule over the Western Hemisphere ; and, it took away Europe 's prosperity and control over all over America .

Benito Juárez muere en Palacio Nacional de la Ciudad de México el 19 de julio de 1872, a los 66 años de edad, un hombre justo y honrado que siempre cumplió con su deber.

 

Benito Juárez died in the National Palace of the City of Mexico on the 19 th of July, 1872 , at the age of 66 years. He died a just and honest man that always fulfilled the dreams for his people.

Written by: Eloy Sanchez Morales

Translated by: Jeffrey Paul Brown

Francisco Toledo

2005 Right Livelihood Awards

El Premio Right Livelihood de honor 2005 rinde honores a pioneros por la justicia, el comercio equitativo y la renovación cultural.

The 2005 Right Livelihood Awards honor pioneers of justice, fair trade, and cultural renewal.

 El Premio Right Livelihood de honor 2005 se le ha otorgado a uno de los artistas más filántropos de lacomunidad en México, Francisco Toledo ". Por su arte y compromiso personal a favor de la protección, el desarrollo y la renovación de la herencia cultural y arquitectónica, del medio ambiente y la vida comunitaria de su natal Oaxaca."

The 2005 Honorary Rigth Livelihood Award goes to one of Mexico's greatest living artists and comunity philanthropi sts, Francisco Toledo " .For devoting himself and his art to the protection, enhancement and renewel of the architectural and cultural heritage, natural environment and community life of his native Oaxaca."

Fundado en 1980 el premio Right Livelihood se presenta anualmente en el Parlamento

 

Sueco y se le denomina habitualmente Los Premios Novel Alternativos. Fueron iniciados " Para rendir honores y apoyar a los que ofrecen respuestas prácticas y ejemplares a los desafíos mas urgentes que se presentan hoy en día."

Founded in 1980, the Right Livelihood awards are presented annually in the Swedish Parlament and are often referred to as Alternative Novel Prizes . They were introduced " to honor and support those offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us today".

Una rueda de prensa tendrá lugar en Estocolmo el miércoles 7 de diciembre. La entrega de los premios se llevara acabo en el Parlamento Sueco el 9 de diciembre del 2005.

A press Conference with the recipients will be held in Stockholm on Wednesday, December 7 th . The awards presentation ceremony in Sweden will be held on December 9 th , 2005.

Latin Grammy Awards

Lila Downs

Lila Downs con el álbum "Una Sangre" obtuvo el premio como mejor álbum Folklórico, en el sexto año de los premios Grammy Latinos 2005 en Estados Unidos.

Lila Down's latest album "One Blood" won the Grammy for Best Folk Album at the sixth year of the Latin Grammy Awards for 2005 in the United States.

Dia de los Muertos

Enrique Alejo, Cecilia Mendez y Víctor López originarios de Oaxaca y miembros del Web Site www.tequio.com ganaron el primer lugar en el concurso de altares de el Día de los Muertos 2005 celebrado en el Cementerio de Hollywood Forever, En Hollywood California, USA.

Enrique Alejo, Cecilia Mendez, and Víctor Lopez the creators of an Oaxacan web site www.tequio.com , won first place at the gravesite competition at The Day of Dead - 2005 which was celebrated at Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, California on October 29th 2005

World Press Photo

Otorga el tercer lugar al mexicano Daniel Aguilar en la categoría individual de noticias generales por una fotografía durante el conflicto de Oaxaca.

La fotografía fue seleccionada entre setenta y ocho mil ochenta y tres imágenes de cuatro mil cuatro cientos sesenta fotógrafos este prestigioso galardón se lleva acabo cada año en la ciudad de Amsterdam, Holanda.

Las opiniones o participaciones en esta página no reflejan la opinión general de SOaxaqueñoCAL.

The opinions expressed on this web page do not reflect those of SOaxaqueñoCAL.

Regresar

Copyright © 2007 SoaxaqueñoCal. All rights reserved. Site created and maintained by Pea Borba, Eloy Morales and Jeffrey Brown

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